Antarctica is earth’s southernmost continent, encompassing the South Pole. The name Antarctica is the Romanised version of the Greek word Antarktik, meaning “opposite to the north” . It is the coldest, driest and windiest continent and is considered a desert. Only cold-adapted plants and animals survive there, including penguins, seals, mosses, lichen and many types of algae.
Some interesting facts about this continent are:
♥ There are no native people or permanent residents
♥ There are no shops, hotels, billboards or cafes.
♥ It doesn’t belong to any country
Unbelievable as it seems, if you have an adventurous spirit and enough money, you can actually visit this continent. In fact, its popularity as a tourist destination is growing. Now, if you get itchy feet and decide to travel to this continent, watch this video first and try to answer the questions below.
Level: intermediate. (tapescript: here)
Now, answer the following questions about what you’ve heard.
1. How big is Antarctica?
2. Does it rain a lot? Justify your answer
3. What’s the average temperature in winter?
4. Why do tours often take place in summer?
5. What are some of the animals you can see in this continent?
6.What are some of the things you can do in Antarctica?